What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Question Thank you! Oops! Related Contents Your DNA Test If your family relies on your income, it’s critical to know what their needs would be in the event of your death. Is Term Life Insurance for You? Term insurance is the simplest form of life insurance. Here's how it works. Long-Term-Care Protection Strategies The chances of needing long-term care, its cost, and strategies for covering that cost.